|Rune/Type||Swordssmith/Mage||Swordsman/Mage||"Classical" AD&D Mage|
|Number of unknown runes||Penalty Dice||Type of rune not known||penalty dice|
|One and only one||2||Verb, Singularity or Meta-Category||4|
|Two or more||8||Instance or category||2|
|Instances||Human +1, Dog +1, Armor +1, Pigeon +1, Hawk +1|
|Categories||Mammals +1, Birds +1|
|Meta Categories||Animals +1, Creatures +1, Living Things +1|
Example 1: Appolonius knows Weaken (level 3) Door and runs across a portcullis. The GM rules that these are significantly different that the character would not think of them as the same thing. Previously, he hasn’t studied enough to derive entryway or entry device (or something similar) so, he cannot use a category. He decides to use Weaken Portcullis and derive the rune from his knowledge of door. He knows the action rune, but not the portcullis rune, therefore there is one unknown rune, resulting in two penalty dice. There are another 2 penalty dice for the unknown Instance for a total of 4 penalty dice. He will now roll with a skill of 3-4.
*Example Two: Appolonius is having an unlucky day and breaks his leg. Unfortunately, he does not know the Heal rune, nor does he know the human rune. Since he is not a healer, the character and the player agree that Human would be an Instance to him. Since he doesn’t know two runes, he will derive his runes from his best skill: Move 7. He will roll 7 dice, but will be penalized 10 penalty dice (8 for not knowing two runes and another 2 for the Instance rune) and so his skill will be 7-10.
Example Three: Finally, Appolonius’ day is changing. However, he now has to create the door. He knows the Door rune, but not the Create spell. Nor does he know transform. So, he decides to, once again, make up a spell on the fly. He uses Create Door based on his Door skill. He knows one of the runes and so is penalized 2 penalty dice for one unknown rune. He will roll 3-2.